Department of Mechanical and Aerospace EngineeringOUR PEOPLE
Xin ZHANG 張欣
PhD, Cambridge
Chair Professor of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Swire Professor of Aerospace Engineering


Dr Xin Zhang holds the position of “Swire Professor of Aerospace Engineering” at the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. Xin Zhang holds a Ph.D degree in fluid mechanics from the Cambridge University, UK and B.Eng in aerospace engineering from Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, China. He is a fellow of the Royal Aeronautical Society. 

Teaching Activities

MECH4630 Gas Turbines and Jet Propulsion


Research Interests

  • Aeroacoustics, in particular airframe and engine noise
  • Aerodynamics, including aircraft aerodynamics and racing car aerodynamics

To tackle the tough design, performance, engineering and environmental challenges in these two areas, he and his team have develop advanced analytical, numerical and experimental methods for Airbus. He also worked with RR.

Research Student Recruitment
PhDs and Research Fellowships in Aerodynamics and Aeroacoustics


Qualifications and background

 Dr. Zhang conducts research and lectures in aerodynamics and aeroacoustics, in particular aircraft aerodynamics and noise. He has conducted experimental and computational research in the area of unsteady aerodynamics, ground effect aerodynamics, aeroacoustics, and aircraft noise. He is an authority in the area of aircraft noise including both airframe and propulsive unit noise. He performed research in its understanding, developed novel and accurate numerical schemes for its prediction, devised methods for noise attenuation, and designed and constructed predictive codes based on physics for noise prediction which are being used by industry.

His research over a period of 25 years led to the establishment of Airbus Aircraft Noise Technology Centre (ANTC) at Southampton in 2008 (see www.soton.ac.uk/antc ), which is a major centre of excellent in aircraft noise technology. The centre is the only Airbus university based technology centre in the world. ANTC works in the areas of airframe noise, engine noise, physics based aircraft noise models, computational aeroacoustics, aircraft interior noise modelling, sound transmission, and noise control, all with Airbus. Airbus, a company that produces around half of the world’s aircraft and employs more than 60,000 people across the EU, has integrated the outcomes of Zhang’s research into its key design processes. He has occupied the chair of Airbus Professor of Aircraft Engineering and served as the director of ANTC since 2008.

Xin Zhang has published over 200 papers including 95 archival papers. Xin Zhang has been a highly productive and effective educator, establishing the first MSc course in racing car aerodynamics in the world at Southampton. To date, he has supervised nearly 50 PhD/EngD students as main supervisor; these students currently hold diverse positions in academia, aerospace and automobile industries, government, and other sectors.

More detailed materials on qualification

The International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) reports aircraft noise as the most significant cause of public opposition to the expansion of airports and growth of air transport. It is more than simply an annoyance to residents near airports. According to the World Health Organization, it is an 'underestimated threat' that can cause short and long-term health problems. Its overall financial impact is estimated by the European Commission to lie between 0.2% and 2% of GDP, £3.1 billion for the UK alone at the lower estimate. Dr Zhang has conducted research using experimental, computational and analytical means. The collective research efforts have led to a number of prediction methods and design solutions for major noise devices, e.g. landing gears and high-lift devices. Landing gears had previously been designed with other considerations, not noise reduction. Zhang's team set out to investigate how landing gear noise could be reduced without compromising the aircraft's safety. In the past, aircraft manufacturers would have had to resort to empirical methods and testing through the use of wind tunnels to find out. It is a costly procedure, and one that can only be done at a late stage in the process – the landing gear has to be designed and built before it is tested. Zhang and his team developed a landing gear noise prediction method. The method allows designers to test radically different landing gear designs, in both shape and configuration
 
Dr Zhang and his team developed new high-order numerical schemes, acoustic boundary conditions, numerical methods such as adaptive mesh refinement and Fourier pseudo-spectral time-domain methods, acoustic liner modelling, high-order interface conditions and recently equations for efficient and stable computation of sound propagation for aircraft applications e.g. linearsied divergence equations. His team also developed highly efficient computing codes based on graphic processing units. A major feature of the research is their relevance and application in aircraft industry. The methods led to design and construction of new noise prediction codes used by industry. For example, noise targets also include exacting emissions reduction targets. These have forced aircraft and engine manufacturers to consider radical redesigns of their products, prompting renewed interest in contra-rotating open rotor designs. The game changing open rotor decision will rest on whether or not the engines comply with noise targets. Dr Zhang and his team developed codes to predict broadband noise and noise attenuation.
 
Dr Zhang and his research group has taken part in almost all major European and the UK research efforts on aircraft noise, TURBONOISECFD, DTI CAST1, DTI CAST2, DTI ANDANTE, TIMPAN, SYMPHONY, OPENAIR, CLEANSKY, and others. All of the above projects are conducted jointly with Airbus, (and in some cases with Rolls-Royce, and other major aerospace companies.)
 
In the area of propulsive noise computation, Dr Zhang developed computational aeroacoustic code (SotonCAA). In area of the time-domain propagation methods, he developed schemes, boundary conditions and efficient solutions for both tonal and broadband noise simulation. An example of impact is the placement of liner on engine bypass nozzle cone after the insight offered by his CAA computations of sound propagation in bypass duct (B Tester, Aeroacoustic lecture, Turbofan Noise Research - Reconciling Theory and Measurement, 20th AIAA/CEAS Aeroacoustics Conference, Aviation 2014, 16-20 June 2014, Atlanta, USA).
 
Dr Zhang and his team performed research into novel flow control methods for aircraft applications. These include plasma actuators for noise attenuation, active and passive means of flow and noise control, and novel control algorithms such as iterative learning control.
 
Dr Zhang conducted research into car aerodynamics and established ground effect aerodynamics for racing car as a serious academic discipline. Worked on wing and diffuser in ground effect aerodynamics, and rotating wheel aerodynamics. For the first time, leading research work led to classification of flow/force regimes in ground effect which, form current understanding in design process. This area of research formed Southampton submission and award of 2012 Queen's Prize in performance sport and engineering excellence. Research supported by leading teams, e.g. Honda, Penske, Tyrrell, BAR, Jaguar. Graduated PhDs who now lead F1 racing car designs in various companies. He also established the 1st MSc course in racing car aerodynamics in the world. In 2004, he was the only academic being invited to speak at the 1st Global Motorsports Congress. In 2005, he was the only academic to give a keynote talk on racing car aerodynamics at the 1st World Motorsports Symposium in London.

Dr. Zhang also conducted research in other, wide areas in aerodynamics, including cavity flow physics air jet vortex generators and vortex flow, sound transmission, amongst others. He established car/ground effect aerodynamics as an academic discipline at Southampton through a series of publications.

Publications (in Archival Journals)

Title Date Meeting/Journal/Etc.
Zhang, X. & Edwards, J. A., “Computational analysis of
unsteady cavity flows driven by thick shear layers,”
 
1988 The Aeronautical Journal, Vol. 92, No. 919,
November 1988, pp. 350-373.
Zhang, X. & Edwards, J. A., “An investigation of supersonic
oscillatory cavity flows driven by a thick shear layer,”
 
1990 The Aeronautical Journal, Vol. 94, No. 940,
December 1990, pp. 353-364.
Zhang X. & Edwards, J. A., “An experimental investigation
of supersonic flow over two cavities in tandem,”
 
1992 AIAA Journal, Vol. 30, No. 5, May 1992, pp. 1182-
1190.
Zhang, X. & Collins, M. W., “Flows and heat transfer in a
turbulent boundary layer through skewed and pitched jets,”
 
1993 AIAA Journal, Vol. 31, No. 9, September 1993.
pp. 1590-1599.
Zhang, X. & Ing, D., “Computational analysis of a single jet
impingement ground effect lift loss,”
1994 Journal of Aircraft, Vol. 31, No. 2, February 1994, pp. 256-262.
 
Ing, D. & Zhang, X., “An experiment and computational
investigation of ground effect lift loss for single jet
impingement,”
 
1994 The Aeronautical Journal, Vol. 98, No. 974, April 1994, pp. 127-136.
Zhang, X., Stasiek, J. & Collins, M. W., “Experimental and
numerical analysis of convective heat transfer in turbulent
channel flow with square and circular columns,”
 
1995 Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science, Vol. 10, No. 2, January 1995, pp. 229-237.
 
Zhang, X., “Compressible flow oscillation due to shear layer
instabilities and pressure feedback,”
1995 AIAA Journal, Vol.33, No.8, August 1995, pp. 1404-1411.
 
Zhang, X, “Co- and Contra-rotating streamwise vortices in a
turbulent boundary layer”,
 
1995 Journal of Aircraft, Vol. 32, No. 5, September-October 1995, pp. 1095-1101.
 
Zhang, X. & Edwards, J.A., “Analysis of unsteady
 supersonic cavity flow employing an adaptive meshing
refinement algorithm,”
 
1996 Computers & Fluids, Vol. 25, No. 4, July 1996, pp. 373-393.
Zhang, H.L. & Zhang, X., Flow structure analysis around an
oscillating circular cylinder at low KC number: a numerical
study,”
1997 Computers & Fluids, Vol. 26, No. 1, January 1997, pp. 83-106.
Lilley, G. M., Zhang, X. & Rona, A., “The progress in
computational aeroacoustics in predicting the noise radiated
from turbulent flow,”
 
1997 International Journal of Acoustics and Vibration, Vol. 2, No. 1, March 1997. pp. 3-10.
 
Zhang, X. & Collins, M. W., “Measurements of a longitudinal vortex generated by a rectangular jet in a turbulent boundary layer,”
 
1997 Physics of Fluids, Vol. 9, No. 6, June 1997. pp. 1665-1673.
Zhang, X. & Collins, M. W., “Nearfield evolution of a
longitudinal vortex generated by an inclined jet in a
turbulent boundary layer,”
 
1997 ASME Journal of Fluids Engineering, Vo. 119, December 1997, pp. 934-939.
Zhang, X., Rona, A., & Edwards, J.A., “An observation of
pressure waves around a shallow cavity,”
1998 Journal of Sound and Vibration, Vol. 214, No. 4, 1998, pp. 771-778.
 
Zhang, X. & Edwards, J.A., “The effect of trailing edge geometry on cavity flow oscillation driven by a supersonic shear layer,”
 
1998 The Aeronautical Journal, Vol. 102, No. 1013, March 1998, pp. 129-136.
Zhang, X., “Turbulence measurements of a longitudinal vortex generated by an inclined jet in a turbulent boundary layer,”
 
1998 ASME Journal of Fluids Engineering, Vo. 120, December 1998, pp. 765-771.
Zhang, X. & Edwards, J.A., “Pressure over a two-cavity cascade at supersonic speeds oscillation driven by a supersonic shear layer,”
 
1999 The Aeronautical Journal, Vol. 103, No. 1022, January 1999. pp. 45-54.
 
Zhang, X., Chen, X., Rona, A., & Edwards, J.A., “Attenuation of cavity flow oscillation through leading edge flow control,”
 
1999 Journal of Sound and Vibration, Vol. 221, Number 1, March 1999, pp. 21-4
Zhang, X., “Contra-rotating vortices embedded in a turbulent boundary layer with inclined jets,”
 
1999 AIAA Journal. Vol. 37, No.10, October 1999. pp. 1277-1284.
Jeffrey, D.R., Zhang, X. & Hurst, D.W., “Aerodynamics of Gurney flaps on a single-element high-lift wing,”
 
2000 Journal of Aircraft. Vol. 37, No. 2, March-April 2000. pp. 295-302
Zhang, X., “An inclined rectangular jet in a turbulent boundary layer,”
 
2000 Experiments in Fluids. Vol. 28, No. 4, April 2000, pp. 344-354.
Zhang, X., “Turbulence measurements of an inclined rectangular jet in a boundary layer,”
 
2000 International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow. Vo. 21, No. 3, May 2000, pp. 291-296.
Zerihan, J. & Zhang, X., “Aerodynamics of a single-element wing-in-ground effect,”
 
2000 Journal of Aircraft, Vol. 37, No. 6, November-December 2000, pp. 1058-1064.
Jeffrey, D.R., Zhang, X. & Hurst, D.W., “Some aspects of aerodynamics of Gurney flaps on a double-element wing,”
 
2001 ASME Journal of Fluids Engineering, Vol. 123, No.1, March, 2001, pp. 99-104.
Zhang, X. & Senior, A., “Force and pressure of a diffuser equipped bluff body in ground effect,”
 
2001 ASME Journal of Fluids Engineering. Vol. 123, No. 1, March 2001, 105-111. (doi: 10.1115/1.1340637)
 
Zhang, X. & Zerihan, J., “Aerodynamics of Gurney flaps on a wing in ground effect,”
 
2001 AIAA Journal, Vol. 39, No. 5, May 2001, pp. 772-780.
Ashcroft, G. & Zhang, X., “Optimized prefactored compact schemes,”
 
2003 Journal of Computational Physics, Vol. 190, 2003, pp. 459-477.
Zhang, X. & Zerihan, J., “Aerodynamics of a double element wing in ground effect,”
 
2003 AIAA Journal, Vo. 45, No. 6, June 2003, pp. 1007-1016.
Ashcroft, G., Takeda, K, & Zhang, X., “A numerical investigation of noise radiated by a turbulent flow over a cavity,”
 
2003 Journal of Sound and Vibration, Vo. 265, No. 1, 31 July 2003, pp. 43-60.
Ruhrmann A., & Zhang, X., “Influence of diffuser angle on a bluff body in ground effect,”
 
2003 ASME Journal of Fluids Engineering. Vol. 125, No. 2, March 2003, pp. 332-338.
Zhang, X. & Zerihan, J., “Off-surface aerodynamic measurements of a wing in ground effect,”
 
2003 Journal of Aircraft, Vol. 40, No. 4, July-August 2003, pp. 716-725.
Zhang, X., ‘‘Evolution of co-rotating vortices in a canonical boundary layer with inclined jets,’’
 
2003 Physics of fluids, Vol. 15, No. 12, 2003, pp. 3693-3702.
Chen, X.X., Zhang, X., Morfey, C.L. & Nelson, P.A., “A numerical method for noise radiation from an unflanged duct,”
 
2004 Journal of Sound and Vibration, 270, 2004, pp. 573-586.
Richards, S, Zhang, X. & Nelson, P.A., “The evaluation of a buffer zone as an inflow/outflow boundary condition for computational aeroacoustic applications,”
 
2004 Journal of Sound and Vibration, Vol. 270, 2004, pp. 539-557.
Takeda, K., Zhang, X., Morfey, C.L. & Nelson, P.A., “Computational aeroacoustic simulation of leading edge slat flow,”
 
2004 Journal of Sound and Vibration, Vol. 270, 2004, pp. 559-572.
Rona, A. & Zhang, X., “Time accurate numerical study of turbulent supersonic jets,”
 
2004 Journal of Sound and Vibration, Vol. 270, No. 1-2, February 2004, pp. 297-321.
Zhang, X., Senior, A., & Ruhrmann, “Vortices behind a bluff body with an upswept aft section in ground effect,”
 
2004 International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, Vol. 25, No. 1, 2004, pp. 1-9.
Zhang, X. & Zerihan, J., “Edge vortices of a double element wing in ground effect,”
 
2004 Journal of Aircraft, Vol. 41, No. 5, 2004, pp. 1127-1137.
Zhang, X., Chen, X.X., Morfey, C.L. & Nelson, P.A., “Computation of spinning modal of radiation from an unflanged duct,”
 
2004 AIAA Journal, Vol. 42, No. 9, September 2004, pp. 1795-1801.
Ashcroft, G. & Zhang, X., “Vortical structures over rectangular cavities at low speed,”
 
2005 Physics of fluids, Vol. 17, No. 1, January 2005, pp. 015104-1:8.
Mahon, S. & Zhang, X., “Computational analysis of pressure and wake characteristics of an airfoil in ground effect,”
 
2005 ASME Journal of Fluids Engineering, Vol. 127, No. 2, March 2005, pp. 290-298.
Zhang, X., Chen, X.X., & Morfey, C.L., “Acoustic radiation from a semi-infinite duct with a subsonic Jet,”
 
2005 International Journal of Aeroacoustics, Vol. 4, No. 1, January 2005, pp. 169-184.
Pattenden, R., Turnock, S. & Zhang, X., “Measurements of the flow over a low aspect-ratio cylinder mounted on a ground plane,”
 
2005 Experiments in Fluids, Vol. 39, No. 1, July 2005, pp. 10-21.
Zhang, X., Toet, W. & Zerihan, J., “Ground effect aerodynamics of racing cars,”
 
2006 Applied Mechanics Review, Vol. 59, No. 1, January 2006, pp. 33-49. (doi:10.1115/1.2110263)
McManus, J. & Zhang, X., “A computational study of the flow around an isolated wheel in contact with ground,”
 
2006 ASME Journal of Fluids Engineering, Vol. 128, No. 3, May 2006, pp. 520-530.
Huang, X. & Zhang, X., “A Fourier pseudospectral method for some computational aeroacoustics problems,”
 
2006 International Journal of Aeroacoustics, Vol. 5, No.3, September 2006, pp. 279-294.
Mahon, S. & Zhang, X., “Computational analysis of a double element airfoil in ground effect,”
 
2006 ASME Journal of Fluids Engineering, Vol. 128, No. 6, November 2006, pp. 1172-1180.
Ma, Z.K., Smith, M.G., Richards, S.K., & Zhang, X., “Attenuation of slat trailing edge noise using acoustic liners,”
 
2006 International Journal of Aeroacoustics, Vol. 5, No. 4, 2006, pp. 311-333.
Zhang, X. & Toet, W., “Ground effect aerodynamics research of racing cars,”
 
2006 AutoTechnology, Vol. 6, December 2006, pp. 40-43.
Nishino, T., Roberts, G. & Zhang, X., “Vortex shedding from a circular cylinder near a moving ground,”
 
2007 Physics of Fluids, Vol. 19, February 2007, 025103, 12, pp. (http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.2710273)
Chan, S., Zhang, X. & Gabriel, S., “Attenuation of low-speed flow-induced cavity tones using plasma actuators,”
 
2007 AIAA Journal, Vol. 45, No. 7, July 2007, pp. 1525-1538.
Richards, S, Chan, X., Huang, X & Zhang, X., “Computation of fan noise radiation through an engine exhaust geometry with flow,”
 
2007 International Journal of Aeroacoustics, Vol. 6, No. 3, 2007, pp. 223-241.
Huang, X., Chan, X., & Zhang, X., “Atmospheric plasma actuators for aeroacoustic applications,”
 
2007 IEEE Transaction on Plasma Sciences, Vol. 35, No. 3, June 2007, pp.693-695.
Zhang, X., Blyth, P., Dunning, P., Gardner, M. & Wood, C., “Aerodynamic model of a hill climb racing car,”
 
2007 Bernoulli Aerodynamics International, Vol. 2, No. 5, August 2007, pp.52-61.
Nishino, T., Roberts, G. & Zhang, X., “Unsteady RANS and detached-eddy simulations of flow around a circular cylinder subject to ground effect,”
 
 
2008 Journal of Fluids and Structures, Vol. 24, No. 1, January, 2008, pp. 18-33. (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jfluidstructs.2007.06.002)
Huang, X.,  Chan, S., Zhang, X. & Gabriel, S., “Variable structure model for flow-induced tonal  noise control with plasma actuators,”
 
2008 AIAA Journal, Vol. 46, No. 1, January 2008, pp. 241-250.
Huang, X., Chen, X.X., Ma, Z.K. & Zhang, X., “Efficient computation of spinning modal radiation through an engine bypass duct,”
 
2008 AIAA Journal, Vol.  46, No. 6, June 2008, pp. 1413-1423.
Huang, X. & Zhang, X., “Streamwise and spanwise plasma actuators for flow-induced cavity noise control,”
 
  Physics of Fluids, Vol. 20, No. 3, 2008, 037101-[10pp]. (doi:10.1063/1.2890448).
Huang, X., Zhang, X. & Richards, S.K, “Adaptive mesh refinement computation of acoustic radiation from an engine Intake,”
 
2008 Aerospace Sciences and Technology, Vol. 12, No. 5, July 2008, pp. 418-426. (doi: 10.1016/j.ast.2007.09.004).
Chen, X., Huang, X. & Zhang, X. “Sound radiation from a bypass duct with bifurcations,”
 
2009 AIAA Journal, Vol. 47, No. 2, February 2009, pp. 429-436.
Boorsma, K., Zhang, X. & Molin, N., “Bluff body noise control using perforated fairings,”
 
2009 AIAA Journal, Vol. 47, No. 1, January 2009, pp. 33-43.
Angland, D., Zhang, X. & Molin, N., “Measurements of flow around a flap side edge with porous edge treatment,”
 
 
2009 AIAA Journal, Vol. 47, No. 7, July 2009, pp. 1660-1671, (doi: 10.2514/1.39311).
Van Den Berg, M. & Zhang, X., “The aerodynamic interaction between an inverted wing and a rotating wheel,”
 
2009 ASME Journal of Fluids Engineering, Vol. 131, No. 10, October 2009, 101104(13 pages). (doi:10.1115/1.3215942).
 
Kuya, Y , Takeda, K.,  & Zhang, X., “Flow physics of a race car wing with vortex generators in ground effect,”
 
2009 ASME Journal of Fluids Engineering, Vol. 131, No. 12, December 2009, 121103(9 pages). (doi:10.1115/1.4000423).
 
Kuya, Y , Takeda, K. & Zhang, X., “Flow separation control on a race car wing with vortex generators in ground effect ,”
 
2009 ASME Journal of Fluids Engineering, Vol. 131, No. 12 December 2009, 121102 (8 pages).  (doi:10.1115/1.4000420).
 
Ma, Z.K. & Zhang, X., “Numerical investigation of broadband slat noise attenuation with acoustic liner treatment,”
 
2009 AIAA Journal, Vol. 47, No. 12, December 2009, pp. 2812-2820.
Li, Y., Zhang, X. & Huang X., “The use of plasma actuators for bluff body broadband noise control,”
 
2010 Experiments in Fluids, Vol. 49, No. 2, January 2010.  pp. 367–377. (doi: 10.1007/s00348-009-0806-3).
Kuya, Y , Takeda, K. & Zhang, X., “Computational investigation of a race car wing with vortex generators in ground effect ,”
 
2010 ASME Journal of Fluids Engineering, Vol. 132, No. 2, February 2010, 021102(8 pages). (doi: 10.1115/1.4000741) .
Huang, X. & Zhang, X., “Plasma actuators for noise control,”
 
2010 International Journal of Aeroacoustics, 2010, Vol. 9, No. (4-5), pp. 679-704.
Li, Y., Zhang, X. & Smith, M. G., “Identification and attenuation of a tonal-noise source on an aircraft landing gear,”
 
2010 Journal of Aircraft, Vol. 47, No. 3, May-June 2010. pp. 796-805(10 pages). (doi: 10.2514/1.43183).
Boorsma, K., Zhang, X. & Molin, N., “Landing gear noise control using perforated fairings,”
 
2010 Acta Mechanica Sinica, Vol. 26, No. 2, 2010, pp 159-174. (doi: 10.1007/s10409-009-0304-0).
Li, Y., Zhang, X. & Smith, M. G., “Measurements and control  of aircraft’s main landing gear broadband noise,”
 
2011 Aerospace Sciences and Technology, Vol. 23, July 2011, pp. 213-223.  (doi:10.1016/j.ast.2011.07.009).
Huang, X. & Zhang, X., “Broadband flow-induced sound control using plasma actuators,”
 
2010 Journal of Sound and Vibration, Vol. 329, No. 13 , 21 June 2010, pp. 2477-2489.  (doi:10.1016/j.jsv.2010.01.018).
 
Peers, E., Zhang, X. & Kim, J. W., “ Patched characteristic interface condition for high-order multiblock aeroacoustic computation,”
 
2010 AIAA Journal, Vol. 48, No. 11, November 2010, pp. 2512-2522. (doi: 10.2514/1.J050130).
Kuya, Y , Takeda, K.,  Zhang, X. & Forrester, A. “Multifidelity surrogate modeling of experimental  and computational aerodynamic data sets,”
 
2011 AIAA Journal, Vol. 49, No. 2, February 2011, pp. 289-298. (doi: 10.2514/1.J050384).
Zhang, X., “Airframe noise: high lift device noise,” 2011 Encyclopedia of Aerospace Engineering, Edited by Blockley, R. and Shyy, W., ISBN 978-0-470-75440-5, Willy, 6, pp.3541-3551.
 
Cui, E. J. & Zhang, X., “Ground effect aerodynamics,”
 
2011 Encyclopedia of Aerospace Engineering, 2011, Edited by Blockley, R. and Shyy, W., ISBN 978-0-470-75440-5, Willy, 1, pp.246-256.
 
Molina, J. & Zhang, X., “Aerodynamic motion and stability of a heaving airfoil in ground effect,”
 
2011 Acta Mechanica Sinica, Vol. 27, No. 2, 2011, pp. 164-178. (doi: 10.1007/s10409-011-0445-9).
Molina, J. & Zhang, X., “Aerodynamics of a heaving airfoil in ground effect,”
 
2011 AIAA Journal, Vol. 49, No. 6, June 2011, pp. 1168-1179.(doi: 10.2514/1.J050369).
Zhang, X., “Aircraft noise and its nearfield propagation computations,”
 
2012 Acta Mechanica Sinica, Vol. 4, 2012, pp. 960-977. (doi: 10.1007/s10409-012-0136-1).
Angland, D., Zhang, X. & Goodyer, M., “The use of blowing flow control to reduce bluff body interaction noise,”
 
2012 AIAA Journal, Vol. 50, No. 8, August 2012, pp. 1670-1684. (doi:10.2514/1.J051074).
Chen, X. X. & Zhang, X., “High-order interface for aeroacoustic computation using overset grid,”
 
2013 AIAA Journal, Vol. 51, No. 2, February 2013, pp. 519-523.  (doi: 10.2514/1.J051810)
Zhou, J., Bhaskar, A., & Zhang, X., “Sound transmission through a double-panel construction lined with poroelastic material in the presence of mean flow,”
 
2013 Journal of Sound and Vibration, Vol. 332, 2013, pp. 3724-3734. (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsv.2013.02.020).
Liu, W., Kim, J. W., Zhang, X., Angland, D. & Caruelle, B., “Landing-gear noise prediction using high-order finite difference schemes,”
 
2013 Journal of Sound and Vibration, Vol. 332, No. 14, July 2013, pp. 3517-3534. (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsv.2013.01.035).
Chen, P., Zhang, X., Chappell, S., Cai, Z., & Angland, D., "Attenuation of noise from an airfoil equipped with a high-lift device using plasma actuators,"
 
2013 ERCOFTAC Bulletin, Vol. 94, 2013, pp. 65-69.
Zhou, J., Bhaskar, A., & Zhang, X., “Optimization of sound transmission through a double-wall panel,”
 
2013 Applied Acoustics, Vol. 74, 2013, pp. 1422-1428. (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apacoust.2013.06.002).
Wang, C., Hu, Z. W. & Zhang, X., “Aeroacoustic effects of high-lift wing slat track and cut-out system,”
 
2013 International Journal of Aeroacoustics, Vol. 12, No. 3, 2013, pp. 283-308. (doi:10.1260/1475-472X.12.3.283).
 
Gill, J., Zhang, X. & Joseph, P.F., “Symmetric airfoil geometry effects on leading edge noise,”
 
2013 Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Vol. 134, No. 4, pp. 2669-2680. (doi:10.1121/1.4818769).
Cai, Z., Chen, P., Angland, D. & Zhang, X., “Active flow separation control by positional based iterative learning control,”
 
2013 International Journal of Control, Vol. 87, No. 3, December 2013, pp. 633-641. (DOI:10.1080/00207179.2013.852251).
Zhou, J., Bhaskar, A. & Zhang, X., “The effect of external mean flow on sound transmission through double-walled cylindrical shells lined with poroelastic material,” 
 
2013 Journal of Sound and Vibration, Vol. 333, No. 7,  March 2014, pp.1972–1990. (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsv.2013.11.038 ).
Zhang, X. & Chen, X. X., “Broadband wave propagation from an Aero-engine duct,”
 
2014 AIAA Journal, Vol. 52, No. 1, January 2014. pp. 43-51. (doi: http://arc.aiaa.org/doi/abs/10.2514/1.J052285).
 
Alomar, A. S, Angland, D. and Zhang, X., “Experimental study of noise emitted by circular cylinders with large roughness,”
 
2014 Journal of Sound and Vibration, 333(24), December 2014, pp. 6474-6497 (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsv.2014.07.013).
.
Liu, Xin, Huang, Xun and Zhang, X., “Stability analysis and design of time-domain acoustic impedance boundary conditions for lined duct with mean flow,” 2014 Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 136, (5), Nov 2014, pp.2441-24522669-2680. ([http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.4896746])
 
 
 
 
 
 

CHAPTERS IN BOOKS AND EDITORSHIPS

 
Title Date Meeting/Journal/Etc.
“Encyclopedia  in Aerospace Engineering” – Section
Editor for acoustics and noise
 
2010 Encyclopedia of Aerospace Engineering, Edited by Blockley, R. and Shyy, W., ISBN 978-0-470-75440-5, Willy, 6.
 
 
 
 
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