Department of Mechanical and Aerospace EngineeringNEWS & EVENTS
MECH6090L PG SEMINAR

Computer Aided Material Recognition
Prof. Matteo Chiesa
Head of Laboratory for Energy and NanoScience (LENS), Khalifa University of Science and Technology, Abu Dhabi, UAE
Date  :  10 May 2017 (Wed)
Time  :  2:30pm
Venue  :  Room 5619, HKUST (5/F., Lift #31/32)

Abstract

With the advent of the atomic force microscope (AFM) over two decades ago, the scientific community believed to have found the key instrument to identify, measure and tabulate the fundamental forces of nature that nanosctructures, molecules and atoms exert onto each other. On the other hand, the quest to identify and recognize atoms or materials from atomic footprints or FPD data has remained an active field of research up to this date, remains challenging and proves elusive particularly when considering the generalization and standardization of measurements and procedures. In particular, standardization and tabulation in the field of Probe Microscopy is still lagging far behind other fields of research such as proteomics, metabolomics and genomics that are heavily assisted by computer science, large data bases and powerful search engines that allow rapid access to the data bases. My talk will present my team recent effort of enhancing the format of data presentation, processing and storage in Probe Microscopy and produce databases or repositories mimicking the Materials Genome Initiative, the Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLARS) or the PRoteomics IDEntifications database (PRIDE) or that can be searchable online via search engines mimicking Pubmed or the PRIDE web interface.  This scientific venture is named: “The Mendeleev-Meyer Force Project (TMMFP)” which aims at tabulating all materials and substances in a fashion similar to that in which the periodic table was originally constructed. The MMPF will further be assisted computer science similarly to the way in which bioinformatics assists biology today, for example, in the human genome project, proteomics and metagenomics, providing 1) relational databases, 2) automated experimental design automation and tutorials, 3) referenced and cross-referenced information, 4) open source codes to algorithms, 5) collaboration/s with private companies assisting in the design and generation of libraries, algorithms and experimental design. In summary, it aims at mimicking current advanced forms of computer science assisted biology. Ultimately, the approach will be employed to elucidate the evolution of graphite and graphene wettability.
 

Biography

Prof. Matteo Chiesa is the head of the LENS (Laboratory for Energy and NanoScience) at the Material and Mechanical Engineering at the Khalifa University of Science and Technology (former Masdar Institute). Prof. Chiesa scholarly contribution has focused on understanding, controlling and manipulating matter at the nanoscale where chemical reactions, nucleation processes, corrosion and phase transitions originate. Specifically the effects that atmospheric moisture and the presence of nanoscale water films on surfaces have on such processes have been consistently investigated by means of purposely developed experimental techniques. Prior to joining Masdar Institute faculty in 2007, Prof. Matteo Chiesa was a Post Doctoral Research Fellow at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology where he investigated the properties of nano-engineered insulating material that may play a key role in addressing the technological challenges faced by the oil industry in enhancing oil recovery while minimizing its environmental impact. This research was performed in close collaboration with the R&D department at Aibel (former ABB Offshore System) for which he previously served as a technical advisor. He was also employed at SINTEF Petroleum and Energy, one of the largest European research institutions.